Reference Database of Respiratory Sounds - Wheezes

About this database

The aim of this reference database is to standardize nomenclature on respiratory sounds, and to serve as a resource for education and skills assessment of health care professionals.

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Case 001

Case 001: 7 years old boy with asthma
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory crackles (6/6) and wheezes (5/6), no agreement on whether the crackles were fine or coarse or whether the wheezes were high-pitched or low-pitched.
  • Expiratory crackles (4/6) and  low-pitched wheezes/rhonchi (5/6), no agreement on whether the crackles were fine or coarse or whether the continuous sound should be called rhonchi or low-pitched wheezes.


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Case 002

Case 002: 9 years old girl with asthma
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory wheezes (6/6), 4/6 registered high-pitched wheezes. 
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), 4/6 registered high-pitched wheezes.


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Case 004

Case 004: 7 months old boy with viral bronchiolitis
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Expert Panel opinion

  • No significant agreement on inspiratory sounds (rhonchi or low-pitched wheezes registered by 3/6).
  • Expiratory rhonchi/low-pitched wheezes (5/6), 4/6 registered rhonchi.


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Case 005

Case 005: 52 years old woman with COPD
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Expert Panel opinion

  • No adventitious sound in the inspirium.
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), no agreement on whether the wheezes were high-pitched or low-pitched.


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Case 006

Case 006: 4 years old boy with non-CF bronchiectasis
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory wheezes (6/6), no agreement on whether the wheezes were high-pitched or low-pitched.
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), 4/6 registered low-pitched wheezes.


Acoustics


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Case 007

Case 007: 5 years old girl with asthma and atelectasis
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Expert Panel opinion

  • No significant agreement on inspiratory sounds; inspiratory crackles registered by 3/6.
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), no agreement on whether the wheezes were high-pitched or low-pitched


Acoustics


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Case 008

Case 008: 61 years old woman with emphysema and lung cancer
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Expert Panel opinion

  • No significant agreement on inspiratory sounds (rhonchi or low-pitched wheezes registered by 3/6).
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), 4/6 registered low-pitched wheezes.

 



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Case 010

Case 010: 88 years old woman with asthma and COPD
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory high-pitched wheezes (4/6), low-pitched wheezes (1/6).
  • Expiratory wheezes (6/6), high pitched wheezes (5/6) and low-pitched wheezes (5/6).


Acoustics


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Case 013

Case 013: 6 years old girl with recurrent respiratory tract infections
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Expert Panel opinion

  • No adventitious sound in the inspirium.
  • Expiratory rhonchi/low-pitched wheezes (4/6), 3/6 registered rhonchi.


Acoustics


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Case 014

Case 014: 3 years old girl with acute bronchitis
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory wheezes/rhonchi (4/6).
  • Expiratory high-pitched wheezes (4/6).


Acoustics


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Case 016

Case 016: 77 years old man with pulmonary fibrosis and pneumonia
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Expert Panel opinion

  • Inspiratory wheezes (5/6), no agreement on whether the wheezes were high-pitched or low-pitched.
  • No adventitious sound in the expirium.


Acoustics


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